Martin Scorsese (USA, b. 1942) is among the most prolific of American directors, having made more than 25 features in a 40-year career that has seen him garner all the highest honours the film world can bestow. Since the success of "Taxi Driver" in 1976, which also marked the start of his long collaboration with Robert De Niro, he has continued to draw endless inspiration from his Italian-American roots in films such as "Goodfellas" (1990) and "Casino" (1995). A cinephile director with a strong spirit of independence, he has managed to combine making blockbusters such as "Aviator" (2004), "The Departed" (2006) and "Shutter Island" (2010) with more personal films on the history of cinema ("A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese Through American Movies", 1995) and music ("Bob Dylan" and "The Rolling Stones"). He is also admired and respected throughout the world for the tireless work of his Film Foundation in preserving America's film heritage.